Authorship and Contribution

The author(s) should provide acknowledgement to all who have made contributions to the research, even if not listed as an author. JICRCR allows this to be presented in an acknowledgement section of the manuscript or on the manuscript landing page. Submissions should include as author(s) all who have made a significant contribution to the work reported which includes but is not limited to physical resources, conceptualization of research or design, or acquisition or curation of data, or the analysis and interpretation of data. JICRCR expects all submissions to ensure that all authors who contributed to the submission are acknowledged and that the author list and order accurately reflects the contributions of all authors. As noted authorship is based on the following 4 criteria:

(1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

(2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

(3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND

(4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. 


No tool, program, or other forms of AI (such as a large language model, i.e., LLM) will receive a byline (recognition as an author) on an article published in Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research. Currently, machines do not have the ability to accept responsibility or discipline for work created and therefore are prohibited from authorship. Authors using any machine-generated content, similar to content created by an LLM, are required to document this in both the acknowledgments and methods section of a submission. Furthermore, JICRCR may place an LLM-badge on the article as an acknowledgment to readers about the practice.